Vol 6, Issue 4, November 2019

Comparative Approaches to Metacognition: Prospects, Problems, and the Future


Crystal, J. D. (2019). Comparative approaches to metacognition: Prospects, problems, and the future. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 6(4), 254-261. https://doi.org/10.26451/abc.


This article describes the author’s perspective on research in comparative approaches to metacognition. A brief review highlights the research that has informed this perspective. The prospects for making progress in comparative metacognition are outlined. Next, the article describes problems that any research program on comparative metacognition needs to address. Some recommendations for future research are offered.


Metacognition; Comparative Metacognition, Uncertainty Monitoring, Metamemory, Quantitative Modeling