Vol 6, Issue 4, November 2019

Monkey Metacognition Could Generate More Insight


Hampton, R. R. (2019). Monkey metacognition could generate more insight. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 6(4), 230-235. https://doi.org/10.26451/abc.


Monkeys demonstrate metacognition by avoiding memory tests when they forget, seeking information when ignorant, and gambling sensibly after making judgments. Some of this metacognition appears to be based on introspection of private mental states. It is likely that nonhuman cognitive systems, like human systems, differ in accessibility to such introspective metacognition, and the extent to which differences in access map to explicit and implicit cognition will be an important topic for future work. It will be exciting to learn more about the distribution of metacognition among species, and the conditions under which metacognition evolves.


Introspection, Primate, Cognitive control, Explicit, Implicit